All about Antibiotics and Infections
Different invading organisms like viruses, parasite, bacteria or fungus cause infections. Medicines, more particularly antibiotics are the preferred treatment for the infections caused by bacteria. They do not work against viruses. They are used to treat common infections such as pneumonia, ear infections, skin infections as well as urinary tract infections. Common bacterial pathogens causing these infections are staph, strep, M.catt and H.flu. There are a lot of antibiotics which are used to fight against the several bacterial infections.
The distinction between the bacterial and viral infection is little difficult to do. Generally, a viral infection lasts only till 72 hours while a bacterial infection lasts more than 72 hours without any recovery. There are many different types of antibiotics like: Cephalosporins, Penicillins, Macrolides, Sulfas, Fluoroquinolones and Tetracyclines. Antibiotics combat infections by destroying the invading organism or preventing their reproduction, allowing the body to fight off the bacteria. More specifically antibiotics kill the offending organism with the target of not damaging the host by many different mechanisms like: stopping protein synthesis (Macrolides), or inhibiting development of bacterial cell walls (Cephalosporins or Penicillins), or stopping the bacterial metablosim (Sulfas), lastly hindering with the cell membrane permeability and DNA synthesis (Fluoroquinolones).
Certain antibiotics like Penicillin are bactericidal which implies that they destroy the bacteria generally by hindering the chemical processes by which the cell wall is synthesized in bacteria. Other antibiotics like Macrolides are bacteriostatic which means that they interrupt the growth and multiplication of bacteria.
Several antibiotics have lost their efficiency over the years against widespread bacterial infections due to the elevating drug resistance or physically resistant to various classes of antibiotics. Unwarranted, overuse, inappropriate, prolonged use of antibiotics has lead to the formation of bacteria which are resistant to antibiotic.
Antibiotics are selected on the basis of the possible offending bacteria common to specific parts of the body. Antibiotics are only efficient against some bacteria. Narrow- spectrum antibiotics aim at the certain types of bacteria like Gram-positive or Gram-negative bacteria while the broad-spectrum antibiotics have a wide variety of bacteria which they invade without specificity. Buy antibiotics from online pharmacy stores at a reasonable price.
Narrow Spectrum Antibiotics:
Broad Spectrum Antibiotics:
- Cephalosporins – Rocephin
- Penicillins- Augmentin
- Fluoroquinolones- Levaquin
- Macrolides- Azithromycin
Specific classes of antibiotics are ideal for some bacterial infections:
- First generation cephalosporins for Skin –MSSA
- Doxycycline and Sulfonamides for Skin – MRSA
- Sulfonamides for UTI
- Tetracyclines for atypcials like – MRSA or CAP
- Second Generation Fluoroquinolones – apt for UTI
- Second Generation Macrolides – apt for CAP
- Fourth Generation Fluoroquinolones- ideal for respiratory infections.
Antibiotics may be prescribed as preventive measures in some people who are exposed to the patient with artificial heart valves, communicable infection, and weak immune system.
Antibiotic treatment is based on signs, likely autoimmune concerns and bacterial cause. There are common side effects with antibiotic therapy too which are: chances of yeast infection and upset stomach. Instances of extreme reactions are severe rashes and respiratory distress.
5 Reasons to Avoid Antibiotics – Yeast Infection, Diarrhea, MRSA, Allergy and Resistance
Do you take an antibiotic during ear pain, acne or cold? That’s what everyone does anyway. But is the best solution? Does the short-term benefit compensate the long-term effects? And is there a short-term benefit to start with? Antibiotics don’t help the viral cold. Majority of ear infections are cured by itself without antibiotics. And yes, bad acne is enhanced by oral antibiotics, but what about the majority of teenagers who consume them for few zits?
Daily doctors observe problems associated with the intake of antibiotics. Here are 5 reasons physicians try to avoid their use and why you should re-think before taking one.
1. Yeast Infection. Generally, patients are not aware that our body is surrounded by germs, both inside and out. The mouth, the skin, the intestine, the vagina – all have their own share of bacteria. One function of the normal bacterial population is to remove the bad ones. Always there are some harmful bacteria nearby, but generally they are surrounded by the good ones. Anyhow, intake of antibiotic destroys the good bacteria and permits the entry of different microorganism. Yeast is the most common intruder. The profuse growth of yeast results in vaginal yeast infection or yeast skin infection symptoms, generally in warm areas like groin, armpits or below the breast.
2. Clostridium difficile colitis. Just as the increased growth of yeast produces infection, so may invading bacteria. Often the intestine’s normal flora is vulnerable to an antibiotic intake in illness. However, c.diff. is not destroyed by common antibiotics like sulfa drugs, erythromycin or penicillin. The overgrowth causes foul-smelling diarrhea, dehydration, fever and other symptoms. This type of colitis needs a different antibiotic to be removed from the body.
3. Resistance. Some bacteria are already antibiotic. However, the potential of becoming resistant exists for several bacteria. In some instances, penicillin is useless for strep throat. MRSA (methicillin- resistant staph aureus) is an invading bacterium which has emerged because of overuse of antibiotics.
4. Nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. Besides from destroying the normal flora in the body, antibiotics can cause vomiting, nausea or diarrhea. After all these are chemicals which may be rejected by the body as foreign. The class of antibiotics- erythromycin is particularly notorious for producing gastrointestinal symptoms by arousing the naturally occurring gut contractions.
5. Drug Allergy. Even antibiotics can cause allergy though only a rash. Real anaphylaxis may be caused due to antibiotic use. Anaphylaxis is a complete body hypersensitivity response which may consist of nausea, hives, itching, light-headedness, trouble breathing, swelling similar to a bee-sting allergy. Contact your doctor if you undergo an allergy. If you feel like fainting or experience difficult breathing, then call 911 as this is a condition of medical emergency.
So be careful when the doctor prescribes antibiotics for you and ask the necessity of the drug. Often the convenience outweighs the necessity. If the antibiotic cures the problem a day faster, then better don’t use it.
Buy Antibiotics Online: Product Listing
Amoxil is a medicine indicated for treatment of infections due to susceptible strains of designated microorganisms. Learn More
Ampicillin is the one of most widely used antibiotic for many grampositive bacterial infections. Learn More
Augmentin is an oral antibacterial drug used to treat or prevent infections that caused by bacteria. Learn More
Bactrim tablets is used to treat infections in different parts of the body, caused by bacteria. Learn More
Biaxin is an anti-infective drug that is used to prevent or treat Mycobacterium avium complex infection. Learn More
Ceclor is indicated for the treatment of the types of infections caused by susceptible organisms. Learn More
Ceclor CD is a semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic for the treatment of the different types of infections. Learn More
Cefaclor is used to treat infections caused by certain bacteria and not for others. Learn More
Ceftin are indicated for the treatment of patients with mild to moderate infections caused by susceptible strains. Learn More
Cephalexin is a cephalosporin antibiotic, it is used to treat bacterial infections. Learn More
Chloromycetin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic with primarily bacteriostatic activity. Learn More
Cipro is an antibacterial agent that is used to treat a variety of infections, including Mycobacterium avium complex. Learn More
Cleocin should be used to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria. Learn More
Diflucan belongs to a group of medicines called azole antibiotics, it is used to treat certain fungal and yeast infections. Learn More
Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic, it is used to treat a wide range of infections caused by bacteria. Learn More
Duricef is indicated for the treatment of patients with infection caused by susceptible strains of the designated. Learn More
Erythromycin is an antibiotic for the treatment and prevention of infections caused by erythromycin-sensitive organisms. Learn More
Flagyl is indicated in the treatment of serious anaerobic intra-abdominal infections due to susceptible anaerobic bacteria. Learn More
Floxin is used with other antibiotics in the treatment of Mycobacterium avium complex infection. Learn More
Keflex is used to treat infections caused by bacteria in different parts of the body. Learn More
Keftab belongs to a group of medicines called cephalosporins, it is used to treat infections caused by bacteria. Learn More
Levaquin is indicated for the treatment of the following infections due to levofloxacin susceptible microorganisms. Learn More
Lincocin are indicated in infections caused by gram positive organisms which are sensitive to its action. Learn More
Macrobid is used to treatment and prophylaxis against acute or recurrent, uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections. Learn More
Maxaquin characterized by excellent activity against both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. Learn More
Minocin should be used to treat infections that are proven or strongly suspect to be caused by bacteria. Learn More
Minomycin belongs to tetracycline antibiotics, it is used to treat a wide range of infections caused by bacteria. Learn More
Noroxin is used to treat some bacterial infections and also used for patients who get frequent urinary tract infections. Learn More
Omnicef is used to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria. Learn More
Sumycin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used for treatment of infections caused by tetracycline sensitive organisms. Learn More
Suprax is indicated in the treatment of the following infections caused by susceptible strains. Learn More
Tegopen is indicated for the treatment of bacterial infections including endocarditis, pneumonia. Learn More
Tinidazole is indicated for the treatment of trichomoniasis caused by Trichomonas vaginalis. Learn More
Trecator SC is indicated with other anti-tuberculous drugs for the treatment of active tuberculosis. Learn More
Trimox is a penicillin antibiotic, it kills or stops the growth of bacteria that cause infection. Learn More
Vantin should be used to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria. Learn More
Zagam is an antibiotic used to treat lung infections caused by certain germs called bacteria. Learn More
Zithromax is indicated for the treatment of the following infections of mild to moderate severity. Learn More